Thyroid is a very complex and big problem of today’s time. In the midst of the hectic routine of the day, it is not known when we have been suffering from thyroid disease. The biggest reason for this is the inability of the thyroid gland to function properly and hormonal disbalance. For complete information about thyroid, read the entire blog carefully.
Table Content :-
1. What is Thyroid :-
Thyroid is a gland in our body. Its shape is like a small butterfly. The thyroid gland is located in the lower part of the neck, on the sac.
This gland makes thyroid hormone which controls all the functions of the whole body. The main function of thyroid hormone is to control the metabolic rate, energy level in the body, body temperature and heart rate.
The thyroid produces stimulating hormone (TSH), T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) hormones to control the metabolic rate. As long as the thyroid hormone is secreted in the right amount, the balance of these T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) hormones is maintained. And the metabolic rate, which we call the BMR index, remains under control. There is a balance of energy levels in the body.
But when the thyroid makes too much or too little of the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine), it is called Thyroid disease. Due to which the body has a lot of adverse effects.
We can understand the normal range of these hormones in the body from the following chart.
2. Types of thyroid :-
Thyroid is 2 types which is based on secretion of thyroid hormone.
(A). Hypothyroidism :-
When the secretion of T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) hormones is less, this condition is called Hypothyroidism. In Hypothyroidism the metabolic rate is very slow and less energy is consumed in the body due to which your body weight increases very fast and joint pain, infertility and heart disease problems start.
(B). Hyperthyroidism :-
When there is an excessive secretion of T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) hormones, this condition is called Hyperthyroidism disease. Main effect of hyperthyroidism is, the rate of metabolism is faster and more energy is consumed in the body, due to which your body weight is reduced very fast. And also start health diseases like anxiety, increased appetite and fast heartbeat.
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3. Thyroid symptoms :-
Thyroid symptoms are different for Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism .So we understand thyroid symptoms separate for both types.
(A). Hypothyroidism symptoms :-
- The body weight increases very rapidly.
- The problem of constipation starts as soon as the symptoms of thyroid begin.
- Swelling on the face and throat are major thyroid symptoms in Hypothyroidism.
- The skin remains dry and feels very cold.
- Fatigue is felt more quickly.
- Regular muscle and joint pain start.
- Hormonal disbalance.
- Thyroid gland size increased.
(B). Hyperthyroidism symptoms :-
- Rapid loss of body weight is a major symptoms of Hyperthyroidism.
- Anxiety and irritability are constant.
- Irregular periods is the main thyroid symptoms in female.
- Sleep deprivation is also a major symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
- Thyroid symptoms include frequent hunger and thirst. And even after having a meal, it seems that you have not eaten anything.
- The muscles become weak.
- Urination comes more often than usual.
- Feeling tired all the time.
- More sweating and most of the time hands trembling.
- Hair thinning problem start.
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4. Thyroid causes :-
There are 2 main reasons for having thyroid. The first reason is thyroid hormone does not work properly and the second reason is the effect of other diseases and therapy like radiation therapy thyroid surgery, Autoimmune disease, more medicines etc.
We can understand above thyroid causes in detail by understanding below topics.
(A). Hypothyroidism causes :-
(i). Hashimoto’s disease :-
This diseases impact very badly thyroid gland due this some parts of thyroid gland inactive and damage. This is the main causes of hypothyroidism.
(ii). Deficiency of Iodine :-
Iodine enhances the effect and secretion of thyroid hormone. But Iodine deficiency in food increases the problem of Hypothyroidism.
(iii). Thyroiditis :-
In this condition swelling of thyroid grand (Goitre disease) increase which reduce the efficiency of secretion of T3 & T4 hormones.
(iv). Postpartum thyroiditis :-
It is temporary condition after pregnancy. But some time not taking care it’s become permanent hypothyroidism.
(V) Hypothalamic disease :-
Due to this disease pituitary gland could not give signals to thyroid gland to produce hormones. So, secretion of thyroid hormone reduce. Which is the major Hypothyroidism causes.
(B). Hyperthyroidism causes :-
(i). Graves’ disease :-
Graves’ disease increases the secretion of thyroid hormone greatly. This disease mostly affects Young women between the ages of 20 and 40.
(ii). Excessive iodine :-
Excessive use of Sea salt in food and high douse medicine of heart and cough diseases are main reason of over reacting of thyroid gland.
(iii). Stress :-
It is found in research that taking more stress is the main causes of hyperthyroidism.
(iv). Menopause & Pregnancy :-
During Menopause & Pregnancy there are many types of hormonal changes in a woman body. Which increase the secretion of thyroid hormone and Hyperthyroidism problem occur.
(v). Family history :-
If someone in your family has thyroid problem then you are more likely to have thyroid. This is the most important cause of thyroid.
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Blog By :- Anil Ramola